Words and music fit sartorial theme
2018-04-09, XING WEN

Sun Yi reckons that nostalgia runs in his blood, one of his fortes being composing soppy long songs and songs about lost youth.

“I like listening to traditional folk songs and classical music, which has affected my works to a large extent,” said Sun, 44.

When he was a student at Sichuan University in Southwest China in the 1990s, he said, he tended to express his emotions through melodies and lyrics after he taught himself how to play the guitar.

So who better to be an ambassador for that ultimate walk down memory lane, the hanfu movement?

Sun is well known among tongpao, aficionados of Han traditional clothing, for having produced a series of hanfu-themed songs and being a pioneer in opening physical stores selling hanfu in China.

However, 15 years ago he was a little more in the mainstream, coming to wide public notice by composing and singing Xiao San He Xian (“Minor triad”), a song that became popular online in China, and then landing a contract with a record company.

Though the reserved young man often seemed self-conscious in public, he found it easy to be in the public eye, he said. His first songs, performed in talent shows, had won him popularity at university, and he used to sing part-time in bars.

After he graduated, he landed what many would have regarded as a highly desirable job with a State-owned company, but he threw that in a couple of years later to devote himself to singing and composing.

In 2004, after his success with Xiao San He Xian and signing the recording contract, he came across discussions about Han clothing on the online forum

At the time, there was debate in China about the need for a traditional garment embodying the uniqueness and antiquity of Chinese culture in the same way that the kimono does in Japan and the hanbok does in Korea.

People started to use the term hanfu to distinguish the traditional clothes of Han from other ethnic groups and discuss online the history and cultural connotation of hanfu.

“It sparked my interest in the traditional stuff,” Sun said. “As Han people I felt we had responsibility to restore it.”

One day he saw a poem by a forum participant that impressed him and he adapted it into lyrics and composed a hanfu-themed song.

For hanfu aficionados, that song, Chong Hui Han Tang (“Dating back to the Han and Tang dynasties”), a paean to their culture, became a hit.

Later he composed a series of songs related to hanfu that also struck a responsive chord with hanfu lovers.

Sun now insists on dressing in hanfu when he performs onstage, saying the attire bears the spirit and civilization of Han, and thus Chinese, people.

His wife Lyu Xiaowei has also become a tongpao (hanfu lover), and they opened a hanfu shop called Chong Hui Han Tang in Chengdu, Sichuan’s capital, in 2006. It is believed to have been the first physical hanfu store in China.

Playing music is now a hobby, he said, while developing hanfu is “my inescapable duty”.

The couple now own 18 physical stores across China and an online store on, and last year the value of sales of 10 hanfu stores on the online shopping platform Taobao totaled 100 million yuan ($15.8 million), Sun said.

“I am very happy to have seen these changes over the past 10 years. As the government highlights the need for China to bolster its confidence in its culture and traditions, now is a good time to further develop hanfu.”


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